The longleaf pine is sometimes referred to as the longleaf yellow pine or the southern yellow pine. Genetic improvement is limited in Longleaf pine as the pulp and paper industry did not favor it due to the slower growth. The Longleaf pine starts out in the grass-like stage and fire-tolerant from this stage throughout its life-span. The Longleaf pine is known for a high quality lumber and poles but can be used for any commercial process as other pines. Longleaf pine is also known as a great commercial species for pine straw production.

Regions for optimal growth


The loblolly pine is the leading commercial species in the Southern United States. The native range extends through 14 states from Southern New Jersey down through Central Florida and West to Eastern Texas. The Loblolly pine is the most planted pine in the world growing in Asia, Southern Africa, and South America. Loblolly pine has been genetically improved for over 60 years and is the most aggressive growing Southern Pine species. It is not uncommon to see Loblolly pine produce 6 to 7 tons of wood per acre per year. Sites with the correct genetics and silviculture can produce over 12 tons of wood per acre per year.

Regions for optimal growth


The slash pine ranges from Southern South Carolina west to Southeastern Texas and into the Florida Keys. The Slash pine is the third most planted species in the United States, typically grown throughout the coastal plain. Genetic improvement in Slash pine has been greatly improved over the past 60 years. Slash pine can be used for pulpwood, saw timber and poles. It is the second most desired species for straw production while yielding 4 to 5 tons of wood per acre per year. Proper genetics and silviculture put wood production over 10 tons per acre per year.

Regions for optimal growth


The shortleaf pine is native to the Eastern United States from New York down to Northern Florida, then west to Southeastern Kansas and Eastern Texas. This pine is a consistent source of wood pulp and saw timber. Compared to other pine species, the Shortleaf pine is typically a slower growing pine. However, this growth rate fluctuates based on where it is grown and the qualities of the sites. Shortleaf pine is generally fire-tolerant, but it has been noted that wildfires in young stands are very damaging. It does have the unique characteristic of being able to re-sprout from the stump after a fire. Genetic improvement is again very limited due to its importance to the pulp and paper industry.

Regions for optimal growth


Easy come. Easy grow. This guy is an IFCO staple. Wiregrass is a warm-season grass native to North America that dominates understory vegetation in sandhills and flatwoods coastal plain ecosystems of the Southeastern United States. This is a fast-growing species that regenerates quickly after fires. The plant depends on regular summer burning in order to stimulate flowering and seed production.

Regions for optimal growth

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